How to Test a Hard Drive for Failures

Still, even after the disk has been repaired, there is no reassurance that it is still going to perform well or even last long as a functioning device. More often than not, however, data loss and hard drive crashes may be attributed to to the drive’s old age. As you keep using the hard disk, over time, its components will start to deteriorate, and risk for hard drive failure and permanent data loss goes up. This means that as your hard disk nears its expected lifespan, it will start failing. In fact, most hard disks are expected to fail within 10 years. If you’ve ever experienced hard drive failure, you’re aware of how quickly the resulting data loss can occur. Need help figuring out what’s causing your hard drive to fail?

hard drive errors smart

At times the system refuses to boot or you notice your PC slowing down, amidst a robust processor and rugged versatile memory. The worst of these signs or symptoms is the sudden blue screen of death.


But now that you do know this, you won’t be concerned until it drops into the low 50’s or below. The same Seek_Error_Rate value on any other brand would be immediately concerning. Hopefully the table below will help you understand what ‘normal’ looks like, for the different attributes on different drives by different makers. Imagine a scenario where your hard drive seems invincible. You run a S.M.A.R.T. test every day for a year and you get a bad result every one of those days — and still no failure. Could you still be forgiven when, on the 366th consecutive day of running this test, your hard drive fails?

  • If your hard drive has already stopped working, things get a lot tougher, and you’ll probably need a professional data recovery service likeDriveSavers, which can cost $1,000 or more.
  • Imagine a scenario where your hard drive seems invincible.
  • The System Restore tool saves all Windows system files and drivers including the registry contents.
  • Use Up and Down arrows to highlight an option and press Space to select.
  • Place the battery in your laptop , and reconnect the power line to your computer.

You will not be able to fix or recover data from a hard drive is physically damaged. From this information, it is evident that CHKDSK is a crucial aspect of your computer as it helps in keeping bugs at bay. However, it is most efficient when scheduled or when you run it manually. If you realize that it keeps running at startup, that means that your computer is experiencing some hard disk errors that need to be checked. You should let the disk checker finish the scan and identify the problems.

Best Free Hard Drive Testing and Diagnostic Software

The chkdsk command attempts to identify and get rid of disk issues, which may help you with resolving issues with the boot loop at hand. That’s why I recommend also checking BlueScreenView, a free tool that reads the “dump file” your computer creates during a crash and presents it in a slightly more user-friendly way. (Download links are at the bottom of that page; they’re a bit tough to find). It’s still fairly technical, but you can scroll horizontally to see what driver or device caused the crash, as well as other codes you can look up to try and find the culprit. First, be sure to determine if your PC is infected with a virus. Once complete, use the following steps to check and restore your system files.

When a bad sector appears, there’s a good chance the data is lost, depending on the type of bad sector it is. Operating systems, like Windows, will automatically mark the sector as unavailable so no data is written to it going forward. In this article, we’ll explain what they are and how you can fix bad sectors on an external hard drive. CHKDSK asks for your permission to check the Boot Drive the next time you restart your computer. You should give this permission by pressing the ‘Y’ key. So, the next time you start your computer the CHKDSK tool will run before loading the operating system and will have complete access to the Boot Drive.

GSmartControl tells you everything you need to know about the drive’s identity, hardware specifications, and gives you performance statistics as well. DiskCheckup can also detect the Host Protected Area and Device Configuration Overlay, which are hidden areas on your hard drive. You can remove them to see data that is normally inaccessible to users. The user interface is somewhat outdated, but it’s intuitive and you don’t need any tech know-how to test your drives. You can check for driver corruption, system file corruption, and much more. In “Status” column, check if all values are reported as “OK”.

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